Study Materials for IBPS, Bank Exams : Mental
Ability/Reasoning - Number, Ranking and Time Sequence Test
In this chapter, we deal with questions which are followed with a sequence
consisting numbers, ranking and time. We have to find answers on the basis of
given condition. The importance of such types of questions cannot be over-emphasised
as their presence in a test of reasoning is almost certain. Though no
explanations are required as how to attempt these questions in exams.
In this
chapter, generally we will deal three types of questions. They are based on
Type 1 Number Test
In these types of questions, a number, a set of numbers, series of digit
is given and the candidate is asked to trace out digit following certain given
conditions.
Example 1 How many 5s are there in the following number sequence which are
immediately preceded by 7 and immediately followed by 6?
Terms : 7 5 5 9 4 5 7 6 4 5 9 8 7 5 6 7 6 4 3 2 5 6 7 8
(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4
Solution. (a) Here,7 5 5 9 4 5 7 6 4 5 9 8 7 5 6 7 6 4 3 2 5 6 7 8
Preceded by 7 and followed by 6 So, there is only one such 5.
Example 2: How many even numbers are there in the following series of
numbers, each of which is immediately preceded by an odd number, but not
immediately followed by an even number?
Terms : 5 3 4 8 9 7 1 6 5 3 2 9 8 7 3 5
(a) Nil
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3
Solution. (d) There are three such even numbers 6, 2, 8 each of which is
preceded by an odd number and not followed by an even number. 5 3 4 8 9 7 1 6 3
2 9 8 7 3 5
Example (Q. Nos. 3 to 4) Following questions are based on the five
three-digit numbers given below
5 1 9 3 6 4 2 8 7 1 5 8 8 3 5
Example 3: If the positions of the first and the third digit within each
number are interchanged, which of the following will be the third digit of the
second lowest number?
(a) 9
(b) 4
(c) 7
(d) 5
Solutions. (d) According to the question, after the position of the first and
third digit interchanged new numbers are 519 Þ 915, 364 Þ 463, 287 Þ 782, 158 Þ
851, 835 Þ 538
So, second lowest number = 538 Þ 835
Hence, third digit of the second lowest number = 5
Example 4: Which of the following is the difference between the second
digit of the lowest and the highest of these numbers?
(a) 3
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 0
Solutions. (c) According to the question, difference between the second digit
of the lowest and the highest number = 5 – 3 = 2
Example 5: The positions of how many digits in the number 3 5 1 4 6 2 9 8
7 will remain unchanged after the digits are rearranged in ascending order
within the number?
(a) None
(b) One
(c) Two
(d) Three
Solution. (c) Hence, 4 and 8 digit remains unchanged after the rearrangement.
Example 6: The positions of the first and the sixth digit in the number 5
1 0 9 2 3 8 6 7 4 are interchanged. Similarly, the positions of the second and
the seventh digit are interchanged and so on. Which of the following will be the
third digit from the right end after the rearrangement?
(a) 9
(b) 0
(c) 6
(d) 3
Solution. (b) Given number = 5109238674 According to the question, after
interchanging digits, new number = 3867451092 Hence, third digit from the right
end = 0
Type 2 Ranking Test
In these types of questions, generally the ranks of a person both from the
top and from the bottom are mentioned and the total number of persons is asked.
Example 7: A class of boys stands in a single line. One boy is nineteenth
in order from both the ends. How many boys are there in the class?
(a) 27
(b) 37
(c) 38
(d) 39
Solution. (b) Clearly, number of boys in the row = (18 + 18 + 1) = 37
The question can be solved by formula also, total number of boys in the row =
19 + 19 - 1 = 37
Formula Total number of persons in a row or class = (Rank of a person from
upper end or left end) + (Rank of that person from lower or right end) - 1
Example 8 Anu and Vinay are ranked seventh and eleventh respectively from
the top in a class of 31 students. What will be their respective ranks from the
bottom in the class?
(a) 20th and 24th
(b) 24th and 20th
(c) 25th and 21st
(d) None of these
Solution. (c) Number of students behind Anu in rank = (31 – 7) = 24
So, Anu is 25th from the bottom.
So, Number of students behind Vinay in rank = (31 – 11) = 20
So, Vinay is 21st from the bottom.
This question can be solved by formula also,
Anu’s rank from the bottom = 31 – 7 + 1 = 25th
Vinay’s rank from the bottom = 31 – 11 + 1 = 21st
Formula Rank of a person from lower or right end = (Total number of
persons in row) - (Rank of that person from upper or left end) + 1
Example 9: In a class of 42 students, Mahesh’s rank is 16th from the
bottom. What is his rank from the top?
(a) 25th
(b) 26th
(c) 24th
(d) 27th
Solution. (d) Number of students ahead Mahesh in rank = 42 – 16 = 26
So, Mahesh’s rank is 27th from the top.
This question can he solved by formula also. Mahesh’s rank from the top = 42 –
16 + 1 = 27th
Formula Rank of a person from upper or left end = (Total number of persons in
row) - (Rank of that person from lower or right end) + 1